>Une évaluation de l’état d’avancement de la science antarctique

Il y a 5 ans, le SCAR avait mené un "horizon scan" pour faire l’état de l’art de la science antarctique et en tirer une liste de 80 questions cruciales.

Une évaluation de l’état d’avancement de cette science Antarctique vient d’être faite sous la direction de Chuck Kennicutt (ancien président du SCAR) et l’article correspondant vient de sortir dans le premier numéro d’un nouveau journal "One Earth".

Sustained Antarctic Research : A 21 st Century Imperative

Kenniccut et al.

The view from the south is, more than ever, dominated by ominous signs of change. Antarctica and the South-
ern Ocean are intrinsic to the Earth system, and their evolution is intertwined with and influences the course
of the Anthropocene. In turn, changes in the Antarctic affect and presage humanity’s future. Growing under-
standing is countering popular beliefs that Antarctica is pristine, stable, isolated, and reliably frozen. An
aspirational roadmap for Antarctic science has facilitated research since 2014. A renewed commitment to
gathering further knowledge will quicken the pace of understanding of Earth systems and beyond. Progress
is already evident, such as addressing uncertainties in the causes and pace of ice loss and global sea-level
rise. However, much remains to be learned. As an iconic global ‘‘commons,’’ the rapidity of Antarctic change
will provoke further political action. Antarctic research is more vital than ever to a sustainable future for this
One Earth.

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